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[ox-en] Slides for P2P workshop

Hi list!

Though this is too late to receive feedback here are the slides I'm
going to present on a little, nice workshop on P2P
[]. Unfortunately it's a closed
workshop otherwise I had advertised it here.



--- 8< --- 8< --- 8< --- 8< --- 8< --- 8< --- 8< --- 8< --- 8< --- 8< ---
Free Software: The most mature P2P economy

:author: Stefan Merten

Oekonux key concepts

Characteristics of Free Software

* The actual product is gratis

  Gratis is not crucial but points to the mode of production

* Source code is available

* Four basic rights for the users

  * Software may be used for any purpose

  * The sources may be studied and changed

  * The software may be distributed arbitrarily

  * Changed versions may be distributed arbitrarily

* Licenses embed these rights in the law system

  As we'll see: Such embedding is important

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Free in the sense of freedom

Mode of production

* Without money

  That's why price is zero

* Effort is taken on a voluntary basis

  * Necessity of concrete solutions to problems

  * Selbstentfaltung of the developers

* Manifold self-organized in small, independent groups

* International in the Internet

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Often a high quality results


* More than self-realization

  * Do what you like but not as an atomized individual

* Selbstentfaltung is "autonomy-in-interdependence"

  * Dependency is not reduction but extension of own possibilities

* Selbstentfaltung ends up in higher quality

  * Because desire for quality is expression of Selbstentfaltung

    And this means absolute quality - not only relative

* Possible only without alienation

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   In general Selbstentfaltung is a desirable goal

Germ form and five-step

* Germ form is something structural new existing in the old

* Germ forms develop in a five-step

  * Formation of the germ form

  * Crisis of the old form

  * Germ form becomes an important dimension of development in the old

    This is where embedding through licenses becomes imporant

  * Germ form becomes dominant

  * Restructuring of the over all process

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Free Software is in third step

Signs of maturity

Free Software history

When talking of maturity, history is an important aspect

* Early 1980's: Richard M. Stallmann coins "Free Software"

  * Ideological background

  * GNU General Public License

    *The* Free Software license

* Early 1990's: Linus Torvalds starts Linux

  * "Bazaar" model opened up the development

  * Pragmatism

* Late 1990's: Eric S. Raymond coins "Open Source"

  * Marketing campaign

  * Free Software gained public visibility

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Took 30 years to really take off

Free Software as an economy

* Wikipedia (2007-10-03):

    An economy is the system of human activities related to the production, distribution,
    exchange, and consumption of goods and services of a country or other area.

  * "System": (Network of) Free Software projects

  * "Human activities": Made by humans

  * "Production": Based on a production process

  * "Distribution": Through the Internet

  * "Exchange": Not exchange but a flow of goods

  * "Consumption": By consumers as well as producers

  * "Goods and services": Software and support

  * "Country or other area": Global

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Free Software certainly is an economy

Success in the old form

* Free Software is superior to proprietary software

  * Otherwise industry would not use it

  * Important: Quality - not ideological reasons

* Wide and still rising distribution

  * Final frontier: the desktop

    *You* can switch to Free Software today!

* Similar to upcoming capitalism

  Capitalism also started in niches where it was superior

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Success in the old form is key for maturity

Beyond old relationships

* Beyond commodities

  * Absence of scarcity

* Beyond gifts

  * No social relationships between producers and consumers

* Beyond classical public goods

  * Not state based

* Beyond labor

  * Replaced by Selbstentfaltung

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Establishing new relationships is key for sustainability

Beyond old ownership

* Inclusive ownership model

  * Traditional ownership: Right to exclude

* Beyond exchange

  * You may take without giving

* Beyond alienation

  * Product is oriented in use value

  * Selbstentfaltung is the anti-thesis of alienation

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Establishing new notion of ownership changed history

   .. admonition:: Conclusion

   Sublation on higher level

   .. to sublate: to negate or eliminate (as an element in a dialectic
      process) but preserve as a partial element in a synthesis

   .. Better than abolition / overcoming

At several forefronts

* Social relationships

  * Maintainership

  * Loose binding of people

  * Orientation on projects instead of organization

  * Openness

* Technical development

* Globalization

* Mode of production based on Selbstentfaltung

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Sublating the old happens at the forefronts of development

Free in the sense of Free Software

* Freedom is result of the process

  * Results are Free because of the process

    Can be used by anyone who needs them

    Implies that they are available without payment

  * I.e. unlimited externally

* Freedom is pre-condition of the process

  * The process doesn't work without Freedom

    Freedom enables contributions from all sides

  * I.e. unlimited internally

* One's Freedom enables the Freedom of others

  Instead of limiting it like in abstract freedom

.. admonition:: Conclusion

   Those positive feedback cycles create sustainability

   This is where the power comes from

Contact: projekt

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